When AntiSemitismWatch launched its groundbreaking survey on the experience of ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in the UK last year, it had a working premise. Namely, that their visibility would mean they were likely to have a markedly different experience in regards to anti-Semitism than the wider mainstream Jewish communities.
The results significantly bore out that theory, casting a huge shadow over the reliability of the published UK anti-Semitic hate crime figures.
Of all the respondents, 77% had witnessed or experienced anti-Semitism in the previous 12 months.
Of those, 49% had witnessed or experienced 3 or more anti-Semitic incidents (8% had witnessed or experienced 10 or more Anti-Semitic incidents in the previous 12 months).
However, it would be wrong to leave the impression that vulnerability of visibility is an exclusive preserve of the ultra-Orthodox or the UK.
Just recently a Jewish student was denied a seat on a train in Berlin due to her Magen-David necklace.
Two women saw her, noticed her necklace, then put their bags on the empty seats next to them, to prevent her from sitting down. They reaffirmed their actions through words of hate towards her.
Disgracefully, the other passengers studiously ignored what was going on and looked at the floor or window.
The victim said she experiences such negative experiences whenever her Magen-David is visible, therefore, usually choosing to hide it with a scarf.
On Wednesday we reported that Guy Muller of the Netherlands Center for Information and Documentation on Israel (CIDI) explained the hazards of appearing externally Jewish in public: “If you walk around and are identifiable as a Jew, there is a higher chance that you will be attacked. We know that there are people who are attacked more than once each year.”
Famously, Zvi Ammar, the head of Marseille’s Israelite Consistory urged men to stop wearing their kippah after yet a further violent anti-Semitic attack on a Jew.
Mr Ammar called on Jews “not to wear the kippah in the street to avoid being identified as Jewish”.
“It is sad to find ourselves in this position in 2016, in a great democratic country like France,” he said.
“But faced with an exceptional situation, we have to take exceptional measures. It causes me such pain to come to this conclusion but I do not want anyone to die in Marseille because they had a kippah on their head.”
This led to remarkable scenes of French politicians, so usually ardent in their advocacy of secularism, wearing kippot into the national parliament.
None of these are truly a surprise against the backdrop of the rocketing rates of European anti-Semitism.
Just to say it was revealed that 35% of Hungarians hold “high or moderate” anti-Semitic views.
The survey, which questioned 1,200 Hungarian citizens on their views toward Jews, was initiated by the Action and Protection Foundation, a Hungarian organization combating anti-Semitism in the country.
Twenty-three percent of respondents claimed to hold “extreme” anti-Semitic views towards Jews, while 12% claimed to hold “moderate” anti-Semitic views towards Jews. Shockingly, 31% said they do not wish to have Jewish neighbors.
Even in neighboring Poland there is a high level of anti-Semitism. A survey conducted by the National Institute for Public Opinion Research found that 37% of respondents said they “do not like Jews”.
Yet, despite all of this, does AntiSemitismWatch suggest hiding away our precious signs of our Judaism? Of course not!
Do not hide. Take sensible precautions, in the same way any community or individual should, and rally, campaign and argue the point, but never hide. When they have forced us into hiding, that is a victory, the first broken window.
It will only encourage more of the same actions. Instead, find wherever the hate is being preached and stand against it.
Stand strong our friends!